H.; Zur

Title H.; Zur
Author: "Schoenes, J.; Rode, M.; Schr\"{o}ter
D. & Borgschulte, K","Prospects of high intensity laser driven radiation sources",",,3,","2--4",2009,",",","EIGHTH DAE-BRNS NATIONAL LASER SYMPOSIUM- NLS-08 Invited Talk",",",",",",",",",",",",",",","," 5,","SCHROEDER1973107","SCHROEDER S; Bussmann T; Debus Stephan & Ellmer
T; Debus
A; Kraft
More details: investigated by in situ \EDXRD\","Journal of Crystal Growth",384,0,","114--121",2013,",","http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022024813005927",",",",",",",",",",",",","Abstract Energy dispersive X-ray diffraction (EDXRD) has been used to observe in situ the formation of Cu(InGa)S2 (CIGS) films during reactive magnetron co-sputtering. By simultaneous sputtering from a CuGa and an In target in an Ar:H2S atmosphere the \{CIGS\} filmswhich can be used as absorber layers for thin film solar cellscan be grown in a single step without any post-treatments. By carefully analyzing the in situ experimentsseveral effects have been found which should be considered during designing the recipe for an absorber deposition process in order to achieve \{CIGS\} films with the desired stoichiometry and good crystallinity. For instance substrate temperatures below 380\&\#xa0;??C should be used in order to achieve a sufficient condensation of In atoms which is needed to avoid the formation of intermetallic Cu?��Ga phases. Since

Ga)S2 films

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